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Madagascar

Stories to tell, stories to hear

Dec 2, 2009 | Panos London

This video explores, and explains, the process of oral testimony, and why it’s an essential aspect of poverty reduction.

Video voice: Fishing for our survival

Oct 1, 2008 | Panos London

Fishing for our survival screenshot

Traditionally farmers, the people of Androy have relatively few fishermen compared to other communities along the coast. Yet with the recurrent drought, the ocean is becoming an increasingly important resource for many people’s livelihoods. Sylvain, a fisherman, explains the importance of his tools and the challenges he faces: a lack of sufficient canoes and the…

Video voice: Soghum, a crop of our ancestors

Oct 1, 2008 | Panos London

Soghum: crop of our ancestors screenshot

Sorghum is a crop of the Antandroy and is part of its people’s heritage. It had all but disappeared until recently – replaced by donations of corn during the drought. Lost to most, but never forgotten, sorghum is making a comeback in Androy. Many farmers are eager to rediscover the crop which proves to be…

Video voices: Our fight against the dunes

Oct 1, 2008 | Panos London

Our fight against the dunes screenshot

The struggle against the invading sand dunes is at the heart of the Faux Cap community. Since the 1950s, dunes have been burying their houses, schools and the local police station. When a well was introduced to provide water for livestock, the dune expanded, as animals grazed on the remaining vegetation. Watch the community members…

Video voices: chickens are my security

Oct 1, 2008 | Panos London

Chickens are my security screenshot

Traditionally, the Antandroy are engaged in cattle-herding. Livestock have always been at the heart of their life, culture and customs. Cattle are prized but are now well beyond the means of poorer households, who make do with raising smaller animals such as sheep, goats and chickens. Suzanne describes how raising a few chickens serves as…

Randriamahefa: we depend on the sea

Oct 1, 2008 | Panos London

Randriamahefa: 'That's what we swap for our farming: in bad years I go to sea and there it's never a bad year.'

Randriamahefa is at home in Faux Cap, making a living from fishing, farming and raising chickens  – all things he has done since he was a child.  He explains that “if the year is good, I plant in the fields…[but] in bad years I go to sea…[and] we depend on the sea for our income…

Vola: farming difficulties

Oct 1, 2008 | Panos London

Vola: 'What besets our land here is that lack of forest. We just have wide open land that…holds back the rains.'

Vola moved to Faux Cap as a young woman. She is a widow with nine children. She despairs at the difficulties of farming alone. “Men with cattle, and ploughs and a large field, we don’t have. We are left to suffer and wander.” She sees the strong winds as farming’s biggest enemy, blaming them on…

Robin: peanuts and sorghum

Oct 1, 2008 | Panos London

Robin: 'We'll be ready as soon as the rains come. The sorghum will produce a successful harvest.'

Robin is 53 and has a wife and four children. He has always lived in Antanimora. An agricultural farmer who also raises livestock, he describes the impact of a changing climate on his livelihood. He explains that “the big thing…which I prize above all in my life, is to have cattle. It has its place…

Marivelo: survival is a balancing act

Oct 1, 2008 | Panos London

Marivelo: 'I'm out of roads to travel, so I just stay and farm and raise animals. Whether I harvest or not, I'll be here.'

Marivelo grew up Antanimora and is the sole provider for her family, which includes her children, grandchildren, and parents. Alongside her caring responsibilities she employs multiple strategies for survival, explaining “at one time we had sufficient rainfall for a harvest, making agriculture sufficient to depend on for our livelihood, while now the climate has changed…

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